We all hate stains, isn't it? They can effectively spoil our festive dinner or disrupt our self-confidence during important business meeting. But everybody stain clothing from time to time. And it is especially true for children.
How to deal with stains at home? Often the best idea is simply to take the "problem" to the closest dry cleaner. Experts will know the best how to remove even the toughest stains. But sometimes it's not possible, because you cannot just leave the supper or meeting - and you have to do all to prevent your garments from permanent damage – using homemade methods only.
The key to preventing the stained clothes is to learn how to tackle stains as soon as possible and in the right way. And no matter what kind of stain it is, first try to stop it from setting. It means – from forming a chemical bond with the fabric. At that point it will be already permanent. To prevent having to throw away an item with such fixed stain, first treat the stain immediately with water, or with the proper solvent in the case of some artificial fabrics. Don't use the warm water and generally avoid the heat. It will speed most types of stains bonding. Use the water in room temperature or lukewarm solvents. If the stain occurs at home, you can go straight (and immediately) to treating it. If you’re out, get to a restroom and gently dab water onto the stained area with paper towels until the stain is thoroughly saturated.
What about the proper solvent? Be careful. Using the wrong product may damage your cloth worse than the original dirt. Always check the label. For cotton use the water and/or chlorine bleaches as a last resort, and before you use it you can also try some lemon juice and vinegar. You can treat stains on silk with glycerin stain remover or just water, but rather than letting the wet spot dry on its own, rinse the whole item thoroughly. In the case of wool which is much more sensitive than cotton use only wool-safe detergents and lukewarm (not hot) water — bleaches and acidic treatments may damage the wool permanently.
And synthetics? It is strongly depending on the material. Rayon and polyester can be washed and scrubbed rather harshly, but will be destroyed by oxidizing bleaches like hydrogen peroxide. However, it is usually safe to wash artificial fabrics with a standard laundry detergent, or with dish soap for grease-heavy stains.